Green/Sustainable Design

Setting Up Solar Power Systems At Your Home

Introduction: Solar Power Generators

Are you living off the grid or having regular power interruptions from your mains utility?

If your answer is yes, then you may want to consider installing solar panels and/or using a backup solar generator in your home. (NOTE: SolarGenerator.guide provides excellent buying guides and reviews of the leading solar generators and solar panel systems available, today.)

Solar power comes with a lot of benefits, in fact, it is the most popular form of renewable energy in use today. Advances in solar energy over the years has seen a tremendous improvement to off grid living. It is now much cheaper and efficient to leave off the grid than ever before.

In the early years, you had to be contented with simple approaches such as taking a 12v battery to be charged and topped up in a nearby battery charging stations. Having to travel for miles to these stations was at times timing consuming and inefficient. The downside to such a method is that you couldn’t run many loads as it would drain your batteries faster.

Solar power is very economical and requires less maintenance requirement. To achieve optimum benefits from solar power, the rule of the thumb is to ensure that you avoid using heating loads. Such loads are high energy consumers and may overwhelm your solar generator system. Some of the devices that you can comfortably run by using solar power include radio, TV, refrigerator or lights. To preserve this source of energy and keep it running your loads for longer periods, opt for energy-saving lighting systems that do not draw much power.

Solar generators work by converting the solar energy from the sun into electrical energy by use of photovoltaic (PV) cells. Some of the benefits that come by using solar generators for your home includes saving money as well as the world. This is because by installing solar panels, you help to reduce your household’s carbon footprints that are harmful to the environment.

Off grid solar power set-up systems can easily be installed by a typical do-it-yourself (DIY) without necessary seeking the help of a professional. The essential components that constitute an off-grid solar power generator are as follows:

Solar Panel

Solar Panel Green/Sustainable Design

The solar panel, also referred to as a photovoltaic cell, is the main device in a solar generator. Its function is to collect the solar energy and convert it to DC electrical current. Through a process is known as the photovoltaic effect. Solar panels are easy to install, typically on the rooftop of your house or any other space that may sufficiently expose them to maximum sunshine.

Charge Controller

 Green/Sustainable Design

In a solar generator system, this device has two functions. It serves to prevent both overcharging and discharging of your batteries. In your circuit, it comes in between your solar panels and batteries. When the sun starts shining the power is generated by the solar panels. Then they send any extra electrical power to the batteries for storage.

However, when the batteries have charged to capacity, the controller stops any further charging. When there is no light, and the power concentration is low at the panels. Then the controller prevents the batteries from discharging. This phenomenon ensures a longer lifespan for your batteries. The controller also has LEDs to indicate the status of your batteries.

Battery Bank

 Battery bank Green/Sustainable Design

Bad weather and night time are the major barriers of solar generators. Therefore the sunshine is never guarantee 24/7. To counter, solar energy is stored in the batteries to be used later when there is the unavailability of light. Batteries are very expensive, and they need to be kept in a well-ventilated area. Create a battery bank and place your batteries in a wooden chest with hinged cover lids to provide adequate ventilation.

Inverter

 Green/Sustainable Design

The primary function of the solar inverter is to convert  DC from solar panel or batteries to alternating current (AC). The AC is the standard power used by most household devices such as TVs, computers, and other wired products. It is important to note that, solar panels cannot create AC power and hence the importance of an inverter.

It is, however, important to remember that off-grid systems do require a lot of restraint. Keep things simple by powering only a few gadgets in your household as needed to ensure a longer service. You need to adjust your lifestyle to meet this requirement. Learn to conserve your energy resource by switching off any appliances when not in use. This, in turn, will save you a great deal as far us your solar generator system is performance is a concern.