Rapid increase in the population of USA leads to exponential land consumption. This growth continues and in fact it is estimated that currently, the population growth rate is three times. The way we build and utilize land will have a profound impact on both the earth and its ecosystem.
Over the past 50 years, segregated land use accessed by motorways led to the massive use of vehicles as a means of transport. This contributes significantly to greenhouse emissions and specifically a larger percentage of this was attributes to individual cars.
Furthermore, automobile-oriented neighborhoods tend to be hostile to pedestrians and does not support traditional mixed-use neighborhood Centers. Unorganized sprawling neighborhoods also affected the natural habitat, endangered sensitive land and water sources as well as overwhelming municipal infrastructure.
Leadership In Energy And Environmental And Design (LEED) Program
The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) realized this alarming situation. And therefore saw the need to have a system to define and measure the development of the green buildings that are sustainable. As a result, it led to the creation of Leadership in Energy and Environmental and Design (LEED) program.
As LEED developed and matured, it undertook new initiatives of which leads home rating is part of it. LEED ratings for neighborhood primarily focus on green building practices in relation to design, selected site, and other construction elements.
LEED are a set of formulates environmental standards. whose core mandate is to evaluate and certify green building across the U.S. It is co-developed by The National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) to safeguard the earth and its ecosystem. And any other natural system on which life depends. LEED for Neighborhood Development LEED-ND is a natural and important extension of the LEED green buildings program.
Thoughtful neighborhood planning and development helps to minimize the use of automobiles for instance, by placing residents and jobs within proximity. The development of mixed use streets with paved paths will encourage cycling and walk.
As a result, carbon emissions associates with vehicles will significantly decreases. Environmentally friendly buildings and infrastructure are essential elements to be considere for any green neighborhood. They contribute to decreased energy consumption and subsequently reducing greenhouse emissions.
The leed-nd program takes green building certification concept beyond a single building and extends it to include the neighborhood. LEEDs home rating contains a set of measurable standards. That ascertains whether a proposed building is sustainable and meets the green building standards.
Green neighborhood developments have many benefits both to the community and to the environment. Therefore LEED-ND program advocated for well-planned and organized neighborhoods, including its streets, workplaces, homes, and public places.
It also encouraged a wide variety of residents to feel they are part of a community by including housing of various varying types and ranging prices. LEED-ND has improved the community through Green development that enhances the standards of living.
Besides accessing and evaluating new development, you can also use LEED-ND to guide improvement on existing neighborhoods. This process involves the evaluation of your neighborhood, focus on any strengths and weakness and finally proposing a retrofit. Leeds for home rating can help as an individual within your neighborhood to access the environmental integrity of your project.